Collected schedules as predetermined cycle of a society:
I learned the theory of tradeoff between labor and leisure in a economics textbook years earlier. As far as schedule is concerned, this is a model describing how two major elements of schedule can affect people’s action.
But schedule is more intriguing and fundamental attribute of society.
A schedule of person is predetermined a set of items. And a collection of schedules in a entire society could be a set of plans people expect to do.
Collection of schedule has important features, like below.
- Periodicity: The collection of schedules can be mapped in time series. But unlike time series, items of schedules can be separated then summed up for periodic cycle.
- Inclusiveness: A collection of schedule is similar with GDP, because it shows people’s action. GDP has a point of view for transaction. Schedule see it through people’s plan.
- Liquidity: It is how someone’s schedule is flexible. You can apply the concept on nation wide schedules. For instance, Japanese society has low liquidity because it’s difficult to change their schedule as usual.
- Explicitness: You can easily get schedule of some persons, for example your family’s. Tech companies can get big amount of such data from todo-list apps.
Good thing is that schedule is basically explicit form and easy to format to process with computer.
So, if you can get people’s schedule, you can use it as basic data of society like GDP, then attach other data to get insight of societies.
How to use schedule as basic data of society?:
Next, if you get the schedule data, how can you use it?
- Compering among countries by schedules and productivity.
Probably, flexible schedule is a factor of innovation in a society, but too flexibility means malfunction of market, like status of developing countries.
Of course, labor-leisure ratio is also good factor for performance of a country.
- Explaining how much spare time is needed for a person to accomplish learning. It solve the problem why working and learning is so very hard. It may require more leisure time than actual learning time.
And if you see the problem as nation-wide, it can tell how much entire society can learn new thing in the schedule.
- Schedule engineering. Like exchange intervention, government could target citizen’s schedule to improve GDP. I think white-collar exemption is an example.
I know it’s likely to be a way of dictator, but like inflation targeting or summertime, the government may be eligible to do that.
A model would be a type of distribution of asset. In this model, assets are items of schedule, and you can manage to arrange the assets on 24h. A schedule has higher productivity than others.
Another model would be a type of cyclic model. It simulates periodic consistency/inconsistency of schedule of days. If a schedule of a person or a society is very stable, the cycle is neat. If it’s not stable, the cycle is rough.
And how to classify items of schedules?
If I do it; labor to earn money, chore to non-paid work, communication to build social capital, and redundant act that is not practical action but needed to try new thing like learning.
But I must mention that it depends on the purpose the model has.
What factors affect change in a person’s schedule?:
A schedule is combination of social requirement and personal plan.
Obviously, life stage along with aging is the most strong factor to make one’s schedule –childhood, schooldays, working, and old age.
But what about times in the same life stage? It’s different in countries. But if some items can be replaced by personal will, these would be regarded as exchangeable with other, and the target to personal schedule engineering.
Other schedules are determined by external environment, and individual can’t manage to change. I think the characteristics of such schedules can be observed by typical scheduling of jobs or organizations.